Wolfram von Eschenbach later described it as a meteorite.
In Perceval le Gallois the Grail is a serving dish used at a feast, wondrous but not specifically "holy". Robert de Boron wrote the first explicitly Christian version of the Grail story. Joseph of Arimathea later received the Grail from an apparition of Jesus. He was put into prison, where the Grail sustained him. He was released, organized a group of followers, and led them to Britain with the Grail. They delivered the Grail to the vaus d'Avaron, the valleys of Avaron in the west, which later changed slightly to Avalon. It purports to be an official report by Pontius Pilate to Claudius, but is now viewed as a Christian invention of the mid fourth century intended to rebut anti-Christian writings.
The story grew to include the detail that when Joseph of Arimathea arrived at Glastonbury, he thrust his staff into the ground and it immediately blossomed, took root and grew into the original Glastonbury Thorn tree. The Glastonbury Thorn piece of the legend first appeared in the early 16th century Lyfe of Joseph of Arimathea. The Glastonbury Thorn is a form of the Common Hawthorn tree.
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The strain found in the Glastonbury area is unusual as it blossoms twice a year, in winter and again in spring. There are debates about which is "more original" than the others — the tradition had Joseph planting his staff on Wearyall Hill, but this example is on the Abbey grounds. The dual blossoming strain is propagated by grafting. The one perceived as "most original" in the mid s was destroyed by Oliver Cromwell's forces as a superstitious relic. That didn't stop local promotion of the remaining inventory of holy thorn trees.
Blossoming in winter and again in spring was of course interpreted and reported to mean precisely on Christmas morning and Easter morning. That led to increased interest in late when the Gregorian calendar had just been adopted in England, dropping twelve days in September. Would the tree blossom on Christmas day by the "new style" Gregorian calendar, or on Christmas as defined by the "old style" Julian calendar, which now was January 5th?
Writers were repeating and expanding the legends of Joseph of Arimathea and the Holy Grail. John of Glastonbury wrote a history of the Abbey in He added the details that Joseph brought a wooden cup used at the Last Supper, and he also brought two cruets.
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One contained the Blood of Christ, the other the Sweat of Christ. Joseph had collected these during the crucifixion. John's "history" also included the news that King Arthur was a descendant of Joseph of Arimathea.
Joseph of Arimathea – a Glastonbury Legend
Sir Thomas Malory compiled Le Morte d'Arthur as a collection of all the Arthurian legends available at Malory's time plus a few pieces he added. Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur was published in as one of the earliest printed books in England. Its breadth and popularity have made it the standard version of the legends, most Arthurian writings since have been based on it.
But people lost interest in King Arthur toward the end of the Middle Ages. Le Morte d'Arthur was printed one last time in , but it was almost years before it was printed again. Interest in King Arthur returned in the early 19th century. Le Morte d'Arthur returned to print in Tennyson's Idylls of the King appeared in , it retold the story of Arthur for the Victorian era.
Renewed interest in King Arthur meant renewed interest in Joseph of Arimathea. Sabine Baring-Gould's explained in A Book of Cornwall in that Joseph's wealth alluded to in the Gospels came from his work as a tin merchant, and he traveled regularly between the eastern Mediterranean and the tin mines of Cornwall, the tapering peninsula running south-west beyond Somerset. Back in medieval times it had already been worked out that Joseph of Arimathea was the uncle of Mary or possibly the uncle of her husband Joseph.
Well, if Jesus' great-uncle was traveling to and from Britain all the time, then obviously he must had taken the boy along on at least one trip, right? And if this boy learning carpentry was in Glastonbury, then obviously he must have helped to build something there, right? So the "original Christian church" in Glastonbury was built by none other than Jesus himself. Or so the theory goes. This self-fulfilling circular reasoning had already led to William Blake's poem "And did those feet in ancient time", written in Jesus was also skilled in metallurgy, at least according to A Book of Cornwall.
Its explanation early methods for extracting tin from its ore, and then continues:.
Dugdale's Monasticon Anglicanum has an account based on the fanciful history by John of Glastonbury. It came to be believed that Joseph was buried in the chancel of the church which had replaced his mud-and-wattle hut. In John Blome of London dreamed that he had been divinely instructed to search Glastonbury for Joseph's grave. It took surprisingly long, given how quickly the monks had found Arthur and Guinevere. The Nanteos Cup Get the biggest daily stories by email Subscribe We will use your email address only for sending you newsletters.
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