In retrospect, the choice of location for the Heinz Nixdorf MuseumsForum seems almost inevitable:. With this new location, the safety technology specialist aims to further penetrate the US automotive market and to consolidate its role as a tier-1 supplier.. Meanwhile, more than 20 employees work at the new location.. William Fournier, Plant Manager, is pleased to be able to offer his customers even closer cooperation and increased flexibility from the new location, working together with his colleagues in Ulm and longstanding sales partner Global Products, Inc.
For the first time the vehicle enables identical conditions for collection, processing and analysis of samples at the different locations.. HQ is to become a business partner for global operations for more than half of these companies.. Western Europe remains an attractive location for HQs, even if the Asian markets are becoming more important for business..
Establishment of an upscalable and innovative infrastructure for transferring research results in industrial usage at the Sulzbach location.. Extension of the existing storage capacity of cryobanks and addition of further biomaterial banks.. Hanau Hauptbahnhof will take you to the central station Hauptbahnhof of Frankfurt.. The way from the central station to the different locations of the university:. We are using the following form field to detect spammers.
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Translation of «wettbewerbsfähig» into 25 languages
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Standort - Translation from German into English | PONS
General Management. Human Resources. Legal affairs, Security, Regulations. Marketing, Communications. Other positions of interest. Procurement, Supply Chain Management. Research, Product- Development. Strategy, Processes, Internal Audit, Compliance. In EPO-granted patents, claims numbers started to decline in when new claims fees became effective, claims sections in patents became shorter, and independent claims longer and presumably more specific.
The grant rate remained at relatively low levels, but the EPO was unable to stem the use of divisional filings. The developments at the EPO point to a high private value of delay options. Delay may be achieved either by making use of explicit statutory rules or by other means, such as filing divisional applications.
DOI Postgrant validity challenges at patent offices rely on the private initiative of third parties to correct mistakes made by patent offices. We hypothesize that incentives to bring postgrant validity challenges are reduced when many firms benefit from revocation of a patent and when firms are caught up in patent thickets. Using data on opposition to patents at the European Patent Office we show that opposition decreases in fields in which many others profit from patent revocations. Moreover, in fields with a large number of mutually blocking patents, the incidence of opposition is sharply reduced, particularly among large firms and firms that are caught up directly in patent thickets.
These findings indicate that postgrant patent review may not constitute an effective correction device for erroneous patent grants in technologies affected by either patent thickets or highly dispersed patent ownership. DOI We study the impact of social ties and publicly observable performance signals on the mobility of knowledge workers.
In our empirical setting we exploit the fall of the Iron Curtain as a natural experiment for the migration decision of East German inventors. We identify 21, East German Inventors via their patenting track records prior to and social security records in the pan-German labor market. By modeling their mobility decision after , we find that West regions with more pronounced social ties attracted more inventors.
However, inventors with better performance indicators prior to are substantially less dependent on these social ties for their migration decision. We find additional evidence that the same group of inventors manage to enter regional labor markets that fit significantly better to their origin region in East Germany. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use.
DOI In bifurcated patent litigation systems, claims of infringement and validity of a patent are decided independently of each other in separate court proceedings at different courts. In non-bifurcated systems, infringement and validity are decided jointly in the same proceedings at a single court. We build a model that shows the key trade-off between bifurcated and non-bifurcated systems and how it affects the incentives of plaintiffs and defendants in patent infringement cases. Using detailed data on patent litigation cases in Germany bifurcated and the U.
We also show that having to challenge a patent's validity in separate court proceedings under bifurcation implies that alleged infringers are less likely to do so. We find this to apply in particular to more resource-constrained alleged infringers. Finally, we find parties to be more likely to settle in a bifurcated system. DOI This paper assesses the impact in the US of adopting a patent post-grant review procedure opposition. By employing novel methods for matching US patents to their non-US counterparts, we find that the opposition rate is about three times higher among the European Patent Office EPO equivalents of a sample of US litigated patents as against control-group unlitigated patents.
Contingent upon reaching final judgment in EPO opposition, about 70 percent of these equivalent patents are either completely revoked or narrowed.
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Using these findings to inform a series of welfare estimates, we calculate a range of net social benefits that would accrue to the US from adopting a patent post-grant review. We discover that large social benefits would result primarily from the elimination of unwarranted market power, and less so from litigation cost savings per se. Our results provide evidence that the US could benefit substantially from adopting an administrative patent post-grant review, provided the mechanism is not too costly.
DOI In the presence of asymmetric information, economic agents need to communicate their quality to investors and other parties. This paper investigates how information generated during the patenting process affects the ability of new ventures to attract VC financing. While much of the literature on information asymmetries focuses on patent applications, we argue that the entire examination process should be considered, including information that emerges in the course of patent examination and review.
We test several hypotheses using a sample of British and German companies that seek venture capital. We find that the filing of patent applications is positively related to VC financing.